California travel guide



Berkeley Travel Guide

Berkeley City

Berkeley is a city located in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, in the United States. The city of Berkeley before was the territory of the Chochen/Huichin band of the Ohlone people when the first Europeans came. Remnants of their existence in the area admit pits in various rock formations which were used to grind acorns from native oak trees, and a shellmound now mostly levelled and covered up along the shoreline of San Francisco Bay at the mouth of Strawberry Creek. Other artefacts were revealed in the 1950s in the downtown area.

The first people of European ancestry came with the De Anza Expedition in 1776, which is today observed by signage on United States, interstate 80 which operates along the San Francisco Bay shoreline of Berkeley. The De Anza Expedition resulted in the establishment of the Spanish Presidio of San Francisco at the entrance to San Francisco Bay (the "Golden Gate") which is due west of Berkeley. Among the soldiers serving at the Presidio was one Luís Peralta. For his services to the King of Spain, he was given a vast extent of land on the east shore of San Francisco Bay (the "contra costa") for a ranch, including that portion which now comprises the City of Berkeley.

Berkeley is situated at 37°52,18'N - 122°16,29'W According to the United States Census Office, the city has a total area of 17.7 mi˛ (45.9 km˛). 10.5 mi˛ (27.1 km˛) of it is land and 7.2 mi˛ (18.8 km˛) of it (40.94%) is water.

According to the census Berkeley has a population of 102,743 people, 44,955 households, and 18,656 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 13.63% Black or African American, 59.17% White, 16.39% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 0.45% Native American, 4.64% from other races, and 5.57% from two or more races. 9.73% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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